Facts & Myths That Every Parent Should Know About Autism

Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Here are some facts and statistics that create more awareness.
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April is observed as World Autism Awareness Month and April 2nd is World Autism Awareness Day. According to Ummeed Child Development Center, based out of Mumbai, one in every 59 kids has been diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. 

As a parent- ask yourself this question. Do you know what autism is? What causes it? What are the common myths surrounding it? We help you with the facts that break it down for us. 

What is Autism?

Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction, developmental language, and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviours. One may think, that if their child is not Autistic, they need not worry.

But Dr. Vibha Krishnamurthy mentions a WHO statistic which states that over 15% of children in India are suffering from developmental issues ad hence the need for awareness is essential. Scroll down for facts and statistics on Autism.
 

But did you also know that:

  • Autism affects all ethnic and socioeconomic groups but minority groups tend to be diagnosed later and less often.
  • Early intervention affords the best opportunity to support healthy development and deliver benefits across the lifespan.
  • There is no medical detention for autism and it can affect the entire body. 
  • Most children with Autism have a chronic sleeping disorder and gastrointestinal disorders.

What are the statistics on Autism?

With the growing awareness of Autism, there is extensive research done on the same. Here are some statistics that were helpful: 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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  • Did you know that it is more likely in boys than girls? Statistics suggest that 1 in 37 boys are diagnosed with Autism and 1 in 151 girls on the other hand. 
  • Parents who have a child with ASD have a 2 to 18 per cent chance of having a second child who is also affected. 
  • Developmental regression, or loss of skills, such as language and social interests, affects around 1 in 5 children. This typically occurs with kids between the 1 and 3.
  • Studies have shown that if one child in identical twins has autism, the other will also be affected by about 36 to 95%. In non-identical twins, if one child has autism, then the other is affected about 31% of the time.  
  • Nearly two-thirds of children with autism between the ages of 6 and 15 have been bullied
  • 28% of 8-year-olds with ASD have self-injurious behaviours like headbanging, arm biting, and skin scratching are among the most common
  • Anxiety disorders affect an estimated 11 to 40 per cent of children and teens on the autism spectrum. 
  • Depression affects an estimated 7% of children and 26% of adults with autism. 
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