A recent and shocking report released by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), on Monday, about the treatment guidelines for the disease said, around 95,600 children are suffering from type-1 diabetes below the age of 14 years in India with nearly 16,000 new cases diagnosed each year in this age- group.
What is type-1 diabetes?
A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It typically appears in adolescence. Symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue and blurred vision. Treatment aims at maintaining normal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet and exercise.
“Children and adolescents are mainly affected by this. Because we don’t really think of children suffering from type-1 diabetes. Our mental picture of diabetes is of those who are old age and overweight. But when children and young adolescents are unwell and nobody thinks in this direction that it could be type-1 diabetes. So, there are chances that diagnoses get missed out. And hence, treatment does not start which turns into a life-threatening condition,”Dr Nikhil Tandon, AIIMS
The study also highlights that India has the second-largest adult diabetes population in the world and every sixth person with diabetes is an Indian.
In the last 30 years, India saw a 150 per cent rise in the number of people with diabetes. Isn’t that worrying?
The ICMR has also released a set of guidelines that break down and simplify the management and treatment of Type-1 diabetes in children and adults.
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